Are parents’ practices related to food intake associated with adolescent’s weight status?
Food restriction was more commonly reported by parents of overweight or obese adolescents
, while pressure-to-eat feeding practices were more commonly used by parents of non-overweight teens. In addition, fathers were more likely than mothers to use pressure-to-eat feeding practices and adolescent boys were more likely than adolescent girls to be on the receiving end of pressure-to-eat. The use of food restriction practices did not vary by parent or adolescent gender.
The authors conclude that instead of using food restriction or pressure-to-eat parenting practices, parents of adolescents should be encouraged to use behaviors known to protect against unhealthy weight gain. These protective behaviors
include eating regular meals as a family, making nutritious foods
readily available in the home, modeling healthy food choices and encouraging teens’ autonomy in self-regulation of food intake.