is a life-long vision impairment that affects 2 percent to 4 percent of the population in the U.S., yet is highly preventable and treatable if recognized early.
Study authors compared vision screening
results in children from 1 to 3 years of age with children ages 4 and older, and found the test was equally effective in each age group at detecting vision problems
. Study authors conclude that vision screening can accurately identify risk factors for amblyopia in children 1 to 3 years of age and should be conducted in children as young as age 1 year.
The U.S. Preventative Services Task Force recently reported insufficient data to recommend photoscreening in children younger than 3, but the results from this study confirm that early screening can detect and recognize amblyogenic factors, and that treatment can effectively restore vision in younger children.