Many of the rashes seen in the first month may persist through the second or third month of life. In addition, eczema may occur anytime after one month.
Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a skin condition that can result in dry, scaly skin, and often red patches, usually on the face, in the bends of the elbows, and behind the knees. In young infants, elbows and knees are the most common locations. The patches can range from small and mild to extremely itchy, which may make a baby irritable. Ask your pediatrician to recommend treatment, which may vary depending on the severity of the condition, and could include either over-the-counter or prescription lotions or creams (only use the OTC products if your doctor specifically recommends them, since he can guide you toward those products that are most effective). For babies who have only occasional and mild eczema (small patches), he may feel no treatment is necessary.
To prevent a recurrence of this condition, make sure you use only the mildest soaps to wash your baby and his clothes, and dress him only in soft clothing (no wool or rough weaves). Bathe him no more than three times a week, since frequent baths may further dry his skin. (If your doctor believes that certain foods may be triggering your child’s eczema, particularly once he’s feeding on solid foods, he may recommend avoiding these foods.)