Congenital heart defects are structural problems arising from abnormal formation of the heart
or major blood vessels. At least 1% of all live-born infants have a heart defect. The cause of a heart defect is most often unknown. Some defects may be small and may cause your child few problems; others are life-threatening.
Types of Congenital Heart Defects
At least 18 distinct types of congenital heart defects are recognized, with many additional anatomic variations. The more common heart defects are listed below.
- Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
- Atrioventricular Canal Defect
- Coarctation of the Aorta (CoA)
- Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS)
- Pulmonary Atresia
- Pulmonary Stenosis (PS)
- Tetralogy of Fallot
- Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection (TAPVC)
- Transposition of the Great Arteries
- Tricuspid Atresia
- Truncus Arteriosus
- Ventricular Septal Defect
Outlook for Children Born with a Heart Defect
If your child is born with a heart defect today, the chances are better than ever that the problem can be overcome and that a normal adult life will follow. Recent progress in diagnosis and treatment (surgery and heart catheterization
) makes it possible to fix most defects, even those once thought to be hopeless.
As diagnosis and treatment continue to advance, scientists will develop treatments for other defects. Your pediatric heart surgeon
will discuss your child’s heart defect, treatment options and expected results.