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A number of common childhood illnesses, including some middle ear (otitis media) and sinus infections (sinusitis), are caused by Moraxella catarrhalis bacteria. On rare occasions, this same organism may cause a blood infection (bacteremia), an eye infection (conjunctivitis), and meningitis in newborns. It is also responsible for some cases of bronchitis and pneumonia in older children and children who have problems with their immune system.

M catarrhalis ear infections and other respiratory tract illnesses are often treated with amoxicillin clavulanate. Alternative drugs include cefuroxime, cefprozil, erythromycin, azithromycin, and trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole, among others.

 

Last Updated
5/11/2013
Source
Immunizations & Infectious Diseases: An Informed Parent's Guide (Copyright © 2006 American Academy of Pediatrics)
The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.