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While many streptococcal infections can be categorized as Group A or B, other streptococcal infections do not fall into either category. In infants and children, these non-GAS and non-GBS infections can cause urinary tract infections, inflammation of the heart’s lining (endocarditis), respiratory tract infections, and meningitis.

Enterococcus, a bacterium that was once categorized as a streptococcal organism, can cause blood infections in newborns, as well as other infections such as urinary tract infections in older children. The most prevalent enterococci species are Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium.

If your child is sick and your pediatrician suspects a streptococcal or enterococci infection, the doctor will take samples of body fluids to test and identify any organisms that may be present. For most streptococcal infections, your child will be treated with penicillin. Because enterococcal infections are often resistant to penicillin, other drugs may be chosen. For example, when endocarditis and pneumonia are caused by enterococcal organisms, combinations of medications may be used. One combination that is used frequently is ampicillin or vancomycin with gentamicin. 

 

Last Updated
5/11/2013
Source
Immunizations & Infectious Diseases: An Informed Parent's Guide (Copyright © 2006 American Academy of Pediatrics)
The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.