Research has documented that adolescents with
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
are two to three times more likely to
than their peers without ADHD.
A meta-analysis published in the June 2014 Pediatrics found individuals with ADHD who are treated with
stimulant medications, however, are less likely to smoke.
Researchers meta-analyzed data from 14 studies, including a total of 2,360 participants; 1,424 were treated with medication and 936 were not. Stimulant treatment was associated with a lower risk for smoking. The protective effect was larger in adolescence compared to adulthood.
According to the study authors, more research is needed to identify the behavioral and neuropharmacological mechanisms that explain the association between stimulant medication and smoking. The findings support the use of
medications to treat ADHD in young people, and suggest there may be better results with medication if it is used consistently