The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends annual trivalent seasonal influenza immunization for all individuals 6 months of age and older, including all children, adolescents and young adults.
An updated policy statement, “Recommendations for Prevention and Control of Influenza in Children, 2012-2013” in the October 2012 Pediatrics (published online Sept. 10), includes guidance on vaccine formulations, dosing, and administration, as well as current treatment guidance for antiviral medications.
According to the AAP, special efforts should be made to vaccinate people in the following groups:
- children who have chronic medical conditions that increase their risk of influenza complications, like asthma, diabetes, immunosuppression, or neurologic disorders;
- family members and others who are in contact with children with high-risk conditions and children under age 5 (especially children under 6 months of age);
- all health care personnel;
- and women who are pregnant, are considering pregnancy, have just delivered or are breastfeeding during influenza season.