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Genitals and Urinary Tract

The urinary tract includes the kidneys, ureters, and the bladder while the genital system includes the reproductive organs. While urinary tract infections are common in young children, there are other illnesses or diseases that can affect these areas of the body as well.

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One source of scrotal swelling is a varicocele within the scrotum. Like all veins, the veins in the spermatic cord have pairs of flipper like valves interspersed along the inner walls. Varicocele is set in motion when one or more valves fail to close properly.