By: Karen Remley, MD, MBA, MPH, FAAP
Executive Vice President/CEO, American Academy of Pediatrics
In the aftermath of the national election, many parents and caregivers are wondering how to speak to their children about the results, how to help their children cope with disturbing rhetoric, and how to explain news reports of protests.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is doing everything we can as a national organization to represent the needs of children to our newly elected leaders and recognize the importance of making sure children feel safe and protected in their day-to-day lives.
As parents and caregivers, here are some ways you can serve as a source of reassuring comfort and safety for your children.
Explain—as simply and directly as possible—the results of the election and what they mean for who is in charge of the country. Start by asking what your child has already heard and what understanding he or she has reached. As your child explains, listen for misinformation, misconceptions, and underlying fears or concerns. The amount of information that will be helpful to a child depends on his or her age. For example, older children generally want and will benefit from more detailed information than younger children. Because every child is different, take cues from your own child as to how much information to provide.
Pay attention to
what your children are viewing on television, the internet and social media, especially younger children. When children watch news on television, try to watch with them and use the opportunity to discuss what is being seen and how it makes you and your child feel.
Consider sharing your feelings about the election with your child. This is an opportunity for you to model how to react to the news, especially if you talked openly about the potential results as a family in the weeks leading up to the election. Be sure that you are able to express a positive or hopeful approach about the future and be reassuring.
Share with your child
your own values and beliefs, including how you as a family treat others who are different or who may disagree with you. Kindness is important. Teach your child that if you disagree with someone, you can talk with them kindly about the way you feel.
Encourage your child to ask questions, and answer them directly. Question-and-answer exchanges help to ensure ongoing support as your child begins to understand the response to current events. Don't force the issue with your child. Instead, extend multiple invitations for discussion and then provide an increased physical and emotional presence as you wait for him or her to be ready to accept those invitations.
If your child has seen or experienced
discrimination based on race, religion, ethnicity, gender or sexual orientation, either from other children or adults, encourage your child to discuss what he or she has experienced. Observing someone we care about being discriminated against, or experiencing discrimination ourselves, is scary, and reminds us that now more than ever it is important to reassure children that they deserve to feel and be safe in their schools, homes, and communities.
Allow your child to express what he or she is feeling, including
anger. Listen as your child talks about it, again and again if necessary. Reassure your child of the steps that are being taken to keep him or her safe. Children should be encouraged to tell a trusted adult, such as a parent or a teacher, if they are
bullied or feel threatened.
Engage in activities with your children that demonstrate your values.
Volunteer together at an organization whose mission is dedicated to a cause you care about, give your child ideas about individual actions he or she can take every day to help fight prejudice, and take care to discuss issues of shared concern as a family.
As we turn to our newly elected leaders, the AAP will continue to advocate for and promote healthy children, support secure families, build strong communities, and ensure that the United States is a leading nation for children.
Additional Information & Resources:
About Dr. Remley:
Karen Remley, MD, MBA, MPH, FAAP, is the CEO/Executive Vice President of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). She earned her medical degree at the University of Missouri in Kansas City and completed her pediatrics residency at St. Louis Children's Hospital-Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Boarded in General Pediatrics and Pediatric Emergency Medicine, she has practiced in a small practice as well as complex academic centers. Dr. Remley received an MBA from the Fuqua School of Business at Duke University and an MPH at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Most recently, she was the chief medical director of Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Virginia, and from 2008 to 2012, she served as commissioner of health for the Commonwealth of Virginia. She is married to John Onufer, MD, and they have two daughters.