A retrospective study of admissions in 24 pediatric emergency departments in France for cannabis intoxication examined whether there has been an increase in admissions for this condition.
The study, "Unintentional Cannabis Intoxication in Toddlers," in the September 2017 issue of Pediatrics, (published online Aug. 14) included 235 children admitted between 2004 and 2014.
During the study period, researchers found an increase in intoxications, younger ages of intoxication, and an increase in the number of children experiencing comas. The yearly rate of pediatric emergency department admissions for cannabis intoxication increased 133% over the 11-year study period. Despite cannabis being illegal in France, the main place of intoxications was the parental home, and ingestion was the most common exposure. Authors noted that in France, ingestion of resin sticks or balls is the main source of intoxication. They also suspected a link between higher THC concentrations of cannabis products and an increased number of severe cases.
Researchers conclude that unintentional intoxication should be closely monitored and it should be mandatory to report such cases and that intervention by social services also should be mandatory and uniform across the country.