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Edades y Etapas

The Developmental Milestones of Early Literacy

Some parents choose to read to their newborns even before they can hold their heads up or focus their eyes on the pages. We occasionally hear of those who start even sooner—reading to their unborn children through uterine walls. Our take on this head start? Although babies are thought to be able to hear well before they are born we wouldn’t count on it making your baby significantly smarter or more well read. If you enjoy it, though, then by all means read away in anticipation of the day when your baby will be able to join in the fun more actively. The good news is that you won’t have to wait too long. Just as there are well-defined and eagerly anticipated “motor milestones” that include rolling (4–6 months), sitting (7–9 months), and walking (anywhere from 9–15 months), there are equally well-defined and important milestones of early literacy. For the sake of making this short and sweet, we have decided to list just some of the many book-related behaviors of early childhood, many of which have been developed by Reach Out and Read, so you can be sure to celebrate them in the months to come.

3 months: Let the games begin. Your baby will begin to babble and imitate sounds, as well as smile at the sound of your voice. With his head held higher than in months past, he should now be developing a better grasp not only of what you’re reading to him (or at least the expressions on your face), but also at the books themselves as he learns to swipe at objects and attempt to bring them to his mouth.

6 to 12 months: Taking an active interest. Between the ages of 6 and 12 months, your baby will develop many new skills, including the abilityto sit up tall with his head steady and grab at pages. Don’t be surprised if books all end up in your baby’s mouth, as this is not only to be expected, but a good sign that he is interested in books and wants to explore them further. This is the time to invest in some board and bath books, if you haven’t already, as they stand up the best to new teeth and baby drool, and also contain plenty of color, simple objects, and the photographs of faces that babies prefer.

12 to 18 months: A hands-on experience. Not only will your baby be able to sit without support, allowing him both hands free for holding books and turning board pages (albeit several at a time), but he’s likely to demonstrate his already well-developed love of reading by carrying his books around, eagerly handing them to you to read, and answering your questions of “where is the….?” by pointing to pictures with one finger. At this age, toddlers also learn to recognize when a book is upside down (which, if you’ve never thought about it before, is actually a fundamentally important step toward reading!).

18 to 24 months: Taking charge. By now your baby will not only have turned into a toddler, but also a true book connoisseur adept at turning his own board pages (although paper pages may still take a while to master). Ask “what’s that?” and your toddler is sure to respond with the names of familiar pictures. Pause before completing the sentence in a favorite book and your toddler will finish it for you. Listen in and you’ll even hear him taking over your role as storyteller as he starts to recite the stories he knows best to his own loyal listeners (ie, dolls or stuffed animals).

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Heading Home With Your Newborn, 2nd Edition (Copyright © 2010 American Academy of Pediatrics)
La información contenida en este sitio web no debe usarse como sustituto al consejo y cuidado médico de su pediatra. Puede haber muchas variaciones en el tratamiento que su pediatra podría recomendar basado en hechos y circunstancias individuales.