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Many psychiatric conditions are commonly treated with medication from the categories included in the table below. 

Possible Medications for Children With Psychiatric Conditions 

Condition Medication Considerations
Obsessive-compulsive disorder

SSRIs: fluoxetinea (Prozac), fluvoxaminea (Luvox), citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro), paroxetine (Paxil), sertraline (Zoloft)

Atypical antipsychotic agents: risperidonea (Risperdal), aripiprazolea (Abilify), olanzapine (Zyprexa), quetiapine (Seroquel), ziprasidone (Geodon)
Valproic acida (Depakene, Depakote)

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Stimulants: methylphenidatea (Ritalin, Ritalin LA, Methylin, Focalin, Focalin XR, Concerta, Metadate CD, Daytrana), dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine), lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse), mixed amphetamine salts (Adderall, Adderall XR)

Alpha-2 agonists: clonidinea (Catapres, Kapvay), guanfacine (Tenex, Intuniv)
Atomoxetinea (Strattera)

Atypical antipsychotic agents: risperidonea (Risperdal), aripiprazolea (Abilify), olanzapinea (Zyprexa), quetiapine (Seroquel), ziprasidone (Geodon)

Intermittent explosive disorder (aggression, irritability, self-injury)

Atypical antipsychotic agents: risperidonea (Risperdal), aripiprazolea (Abilify), olanzapine (Zyprexa), quetiapine (Seroquel), ziprasidone (Geodon)

Alpha-2 agonists: clonidinea (Catapres, Kapvay), guanfacine (Tenex, Intuniv)

Anticonvulsant mood stabilizers: valproic acida (Depakene, Depakote), levetiracetam (Keppra), topiramate (Topamax)

SSRIs: fluoxetinea (Prozac), fluvoxaminea (Luvox), citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro), paroxetine (Paxil), sertraline (Zoloft)

Beta blockers: propranolol (Inderal), nadolol (Corgard), metoprolol (Lopressor), pindolol (Visken)

Sleep disturbances

Melatonin agonists: melatonin,a ramelteon (Rozerem)

Antihistamines: diphenhydramine (Benadryl), hydroxyzine (Atarax, Vistaril)

Alpha-2 agonists: clonidine (Catapres, Kapvay), guanfacine (Tenex, Intuniv)

Atypical antidepressants: mirtazapine (Remeron), trazodone (Desyrel)

Anxiety SSRIs: fluoxetinea (Prozac), fluvoxaminea (Luvox), citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro), paroxetine (Paxil), sertraline (Zoloft), Buspirone (Buspar), Mirtazapine (Remeron)
Depression

SSRIs: fluoxetinea (Prozac), fluvoxaminea (Luvox), citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro), paroxetine (Paxil), sertraline (Zoloft)

Atypical antidepressants: bupropion (Wellbutrin), mirtazapine (Remeron)

Bipolar disorder

Anticonvulsant mood stabilizers: carbamazepine (Tegretol), gabapentin (Neurontin), lamotrigine (Lamictal), oxcarbazepine (Trileptal), topiramate (Topamax), valproic acid (Depakene, Depakote)

Atypical antipsychotic agents: risperidone (Risperdal), aripiprazole (Abilify), olanzapine (Zyprexa), quetiapine (Seroquel), ziprasidone (Geodon)
Lithium

Abbreviation: SSRI, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor.

Adapted with permission: Scott M. Myers, MD, Chris Plauché Johnson, MD, MEd, the Council on Children With Disabilities.
Management of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Pediatrics, Volume 120, Page 1169, Copyright 2007 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

 

Last Updated
5/11/2013
Source
Autism Spectrum Disorders: What Every Parent Needs to Know (Copyright © American Academy of Pediatrics 2012)
The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.