Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content
Health Issues
Text Size

Face Masks for Children During COVID-19

Cloth Face Coverings for Children During COVID-19 Cloth Face Coverings for Children During COVID-19

​To protect ourselves and others from COVID-19, the CDC recommends wearing face masks around anyone you don't live with or who may have the virus. But what about children?

Read on for answers to some frequently asked questions about masks and children during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Why do we still need to wear face masks?

It is possible to have COVID-19 but not have any symptoms. That's why wearing face masks is still so important. Masks reduce the chance of spreading SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. This is especially true for when someone with COVID-19 comes within 6 feet of you, close enough to transmit infection through sneezing or coughing.

Should children wear masks?

Yes. Face masks can be safely worn by all children 2 years of age and older, including most children with special health conditions, with rare exception.

Children should not wear a mask if they are under 2 years old, however, because of suffocation risk. Also, anyone unconscious or unable to remove a face covering on their own should not wear one.

When do children need to wear masks?

Children age 2 and older, with rare exception, should wear masks when they are: ​​

  • In childcare, at school & other group activities. For a safe return to school, child care and other group activities, all children over age 2 and adults there must wear face masks. Face masks are also important to wear during most sports.

  • Unable to stay 6 feet away from others, both indoors and outdoors. Examples include at school, child care, a playground, park, or grocery store.

If you have a medically fragile child or an at-risk adult in your household, you may want to consider having everyone wear masks at home to help protect them. ​

How do I help my child get used to wearing a mask?

It is understandable if your child seems afraid of wearing a mask at first. Here are a few ideas that might help make them more comfortable:

  • Look in the mirror with the face mask on and talk about it.

  • Put a mask on a favorite stuffed animal.

  • Decorate them so they're more personalized and fun.

  • Show your child pictures of other children wearing them.

  • Draw one on their favorite book character.

  • Practice wearing the face mask at home to help your child get used to it.

For children under 3, it's best to answer their questions simply in language they understand. If they ask about why people are wearing face masks, explain that sometimes people need to wear them to stay healthy.

For children over 3, try focusing on germs. Explain that germs are special to your own body. Some germs and good and some are bad. The bad ones can make you sick. Since we can't always tell which are good or bad, the face masks help make sure you keep those germs away from your own body.

The good news is, as people continue to wear face masks, children have gotten used to them and are less likely to feel singled out or strange about wearing them. It has quickly become the “new normal" for all of us.

What about children with special health care needs?

  • Children with weakened immune systems or who have health conditions that put that at high risk for infections are encouraged to wear an N95 mask for protection.

  • Children with medical conditions that interfere with cognitive or lung function may have a hard time tolerating a face mask. For these children, special precautions may be needed.

Is there a “right way" to wear a mask?

Yes. Place the mask securely over the mouth and nose and stretch it from ear to ear. It should fit snugly along the sides of the face without ang gaps. It can be held on with ear loops or ties. Remember to wash hands before and after wearing it and avoid touching it once it's on. When back home, avoid touching the front of the face mask by taking it off from behind.

Wash and completely dry cloth face masks after each wearing.

Note: Face masks should not be worn when eating or drinking. Also, make sure the mask has no choking or strangulation hazards for young children.

What kind of face mask​ is best?

Face masks with multiple layers of fabric are fine for most people to wear. Try to find the right size for your child's face. Adult masks are usually 6x12 inches, and even a child-sized 5x10 inch covering may be too large for small children.

How do I keep my child from touching their face mask?

It may be challenging for very young children not to fidget with their face mask, so expect to give your child plenty of gentle reminders. When mask-wearing is reinforced by adults and peers, they will learn to follow directions. Just like children understand that they must wear bicycle helmets and buckle into their car seats, they will learn to wear masks correctly and routinely when needed.

How do I protect my baby who is too young for a ​mask?

The best way to protect your baby is to practice physical distan​​cing, and encourage people who are around your baby to wear face masks and take other measures to reduce COVID-19 risk.


Along with physical distancing, hand washing and vaccination when it becomes available, mask wearing is key to reducing ​SARS-CoV-2 infection and spread. Children who are sick (fever, cough, congestion, runny nose, diarrhea, or vomiting) should stay home. If you have any concerns about your child's health, talk with your pediatrician.

More Information

Last Updated
American Academy of Pediatrics (Copyright © 2020)
The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.
Follow Us