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​Glaucoma is a serious eye disorder caused by increased pressure within the eye. It may be due to either overproduction or inadequate drainage of the fluid within the eye. If this increased pressure persists too long, it can damage the optic nerve, resulting in loss of vision.

Although a child can be born with glaucoma, this is quite rare. More often it develops later in life. The earlier it is detected and treated, the better the chance of preventing permanent loss of vision. If any of the following warning signs occur, call your pediatrician promptly.
  • Excessive tearing
  • Extreme sensitivity to light (The child will turn her head into the mattress or blankets to avoid light.)
  • Blinking tightly
  • Hazy or overly prominent-appearing eyes
  • Increased irritability
  • Eyelid spasms
  • Persistent pain
Glaucoma must be treated surgically to create an alternate route for fluid to leave the eye. Any child who has this disease must be watched very carefully throughout her life so that the pressure is kept under control and the optic nerve and cornea are not harmed.
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Caring for Your Baby and Young Child: Birth to Age 5 (Copyright © 2009 American Academy of Pediatrics)
The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.
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