With no treatment, 25-30% of the infants born to HIV-infected woman will be
HIV infected. Infection can take place during
pregnancy, delivery or through breast milk. Today, many parts of the world have care and treatment for pregnant woman that lowers this risk to less than 1%.
If a woman’s HIV status is unknown at delivery, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) supports rapid
HIV testing (with results available in less than 30 minutes) of the mother so that interventions can be started before delivery of the infant.